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Pregnancy is a miraculous period in which the baby develops day by day in the womb. Average starting from the first day of your last period 40 weeks In this process, the development of the baby and the health status of the expectant mother should be closely monitored.
In order to give birth to a healthy baby, every expectant mother should undergo a periodic medical examination and some tests. Some of these examinations are performed during pregnancy and some healthy pregnancy process in order to reduce the likelihood of occurrence of dangerous situations.
For this reason, it is appropriate for people who want a baby to have some screening tests about 3 months before getting pregnant.
Prospective mothers planning to enter this process tests during pregnancy and follow the time of application of these tests together with their doctors.
So what are these tests? Which is for what purpose and when?
What Are Prenatal Tests?
Prenatal tests are handled in two stages;
Pre-pregnancy TestsTiming of the baby's mother's womb before the fall is necessary applications. As a result of the results obtained from these tests, the mother can be diagnosed if there is a disease that the mother does not know, treatments that can not be taken during pregnancy can be applied and dangerous situations involving risks to infant health and birth can be eliminated.
For this reason, people planning to have a child must first undergo a medical examination and have the tests considered appropriate by the doctor, and consequently complete the necessary treatments before pregnancy.
Pregnancy TestsTests during pregnancy, after the baby's bladder in the uterus, certain weeks observing developments related to the baby and if any determination of risky situations scans.
The results of these tests allow for the identification of a risky situation in advance and for the prevention of early diagnosis.
According to these results, delivery time can be determined more easily or pregnancy can be terminated without risking the life of mother and baby.
Before the birth of your baby, your specialist will ask you to have some tests done. At the request of your doctor, you often see these tests as routine practice.
Well actually tests during pregnancy for what purpose?
Assays performed before and during pregnancy provide many benefits;
- Pre-determination of your blood type
- Against some diseases whether you have immunity detection
- Detection of anemia problem and treatment before pregnancy if there is anemia
- Determining whether you have a genetic condition from the family and taking precautions
- Detection of the presence of diseases that cannot be treated during pregnancy and treatment, if any
Elimination of risk factors at birth
- Baby monitoring of the development of the womb
- Pre-detection of abnormalities in baby and taking precautions
- Determining the date of birth
- It is guiding in terms of determining whether the mode of delivery is cesarean or normal.
Which tests should be performed before pregnancy?
Some of the first tests performed during pregnancy are actually screenings that should be completed before pregnancy. But couples, mostly When pregnancy is suspected, that is, when a menstrual delay is experienced and pregnancy test is positive, she sees a doctor.
Therefore, these applications have to be done while pregnant. Prenatal tests, which are performed before pregnancy, should be performed when people decide to have a baby, that is, before conception.
Whole Blood Count
The main purpose of performing blood tests, also known as hemograms, is to control the storage of iron, an important mineral that plays a major role in pregnancy.
Anemia (iron deficiency, anemia) presence is sought.
Full Urine Examination
It is necessary for the detection of problems such as urinary tract infection.
Determination of Blood Groups
Blood mismatch is checked in both parents.
Bleeding Profile of the Mother
The bleeding and clotting time of the expectant mother are checked against complications that may occur at birth.
Routine Biochemistry Assays
Kidney, liver, internal organ health control is done. Fasting blood sugar, cholesterol and urea are checked. Especially necessary for those at risk for diabetes.
The condition of the mother's reproductive organs is checked. The roof is examined and the ovaries and uterus are checked for any discomfort.
Smear test, one of the priority tests of women's health, is used to detect cervical cancer.
Toxoplasma, Rubella (rubella test), Cytomegalovirus, Syphilis, chickenpox, Herpes Simplex is applied for the detection of microbes and viruses.
The working status of the thyroid hormones of the expectant mother is checked and treatment is started if there is goiter or thyroid disease.
In case of consanguineous marriage or if the spouses have a hereditary disease from the family, it is necessary to determine them and take precautions. Preventing disabled births is of great importance.
Pre-pregnancy tests do not have a specific date. Immediately after it is decided to have a baby, a gynecologist should be consulted and the necessary examinations and tests will be performed.
Pregnancy is planned after the results show that your body is ready for you to get pregnant. However, taking into consideration the possibility of detecting certain diseases in your body that you do not know, there is a certain time interval for treatment.Therefore, the average 3 months before your pregnancy tests more convenient.
What are the tests to be performed during pregnancy?
If an unplanned pregnancy has occurred, in short, it is not possible to perform pre-pregnancy tests, the first tests to be performed after the pregnancy is finalized are the pre-pregnancy tests.
Therefore, it would not be wrong to call these tests during pregnancy. These tests are the tests to be performed after the first examination.
In addition to pre-pregnancy tests, tests during pregnancy It includes;
Hepatitis B Test
These are the tests that are used to detect the hepatitis B virus which has the risk of mother-to-baby transmission. If it is positive, the baby should be vaccinated after the birth.11-13. weeks.
HIV (AIDS) Test
The HIV virus, which is carried without any symptoms in the body for many years, can pass on to the baby during pregnancy or through breastfeeding.11-13. weeks.
Chorionic Villus (CVS) Test
It is a test used to determine the blood diseases that may occur in the baby. It is made by taking samples from placenta tissue. There is a low risk of 1-2%.
Nuchal Thickness (NT) Test
NT (nuchal translucency) test, which is important in the diagnosis of Down Syndrome, increases in the probability that the fluid accumulated on the back of the baby's neck is higher than normal.Pregnancy 11-14. week.
Alpha Fetoprotein (AFP) Blood Test
It is an important test in which the baby's probability of carrying one of the nervous and digestive system diseases is evaluated.Your pregnancy is 16-18. weeks.
Double Screening Test
Blood test for screening Spina Bifida, Down Syndrome and other chromosomal diseases. Evaluation together with nuchal translucency test gives more accurate results.Pregnancy 11-14. weeks.
Triple Screening Test
In contrast to the dual test, Edward Syndrome is an assay that examines the likelihood of disorders such as neural tube defects. It is administered by a blood test as a double test and is evaluated together with the AFP test.15-20 of your pregnancy. weeks.
It is an application made by examining the samples taken from the baby's amniotic fluid in case of abnormal double and triple tests. Application carries a low risk of 1 rate in 200-300 pregnancies.Your pregnancy is 16-20. weeks.
Detailed Ultrasound Scan
Your pregnancy is 18-20. weeks ultrasound scan between the baby's organs and limbs are examined and a developmental scan is checked.
It is an uncommon assay that identifies chromosomal disorders in the baby. It is performed by taking blood samples from the unborn baby.18-22. weeks.
Glucose Screening Test
Screening tests are performed to investigate pregnancy diabetes by loading 50 gr and 100 gr sugars (by giving sugar to the mother).24-28. weeks.Everything you wonder about pregnancy sugar! You can review our article on. Click the link below. / Pregnancy-sugar-right-in-every-thing you wondering-Helps to heal /
Indirect Coomps (IDC) Test
The IDC test performed at 28 weeks of gestation is used to measure blood mismatch between mother and baby.
Tests during pregnancymay not always give exact results. The expectant mother should not have unnecessary worries with the results of the applications for chromosomal disorders.
It should be noted that these tests only determine the probabilities.