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The body of the expectant mother who decides to bring a child to the world undergoes significant changes. Nutrition, sleep patterns, daily activities, clothing, appearance changes from day to day, while the inside begins to change. Pregnant women are exposed to certain diseases more than usual during this challenging process. Moreover, the treatment of these diseases requires separate care and care not to risk the health of the baby she is carrying. KadıköyŞifa Health Group Atasehir Hospital Otorhinolaryngology Specialist Op. Seyit Aydoğmuş; answers frequently asked questions of expectant mothers and gives important information about common diseases in pregnancy and their solutions.
The expectant mother should prepare herself mentally and physically for this purpose. Family, work, home, financing, care planning is done by consulting a doctor; metabolic, allergic, hormonal or structural chronic disease, it is useful to investigate, take precautions.
Chronic Sinusitis, allergic flu, chronic ear, throat and tonsillitis and normal times, barely managed by intranasal deviation, concha hypertrophy should be treated if there are conditions that create congestion. If there are respiratory problems caused by tonsil size, it would be appropriate to resolve them by surgery before pregnancy starts. Smoking must be stopped and exercise and walking should be done.
Acute infections such as colds, influenza, sinusitis, tonsillitis and pharyngitis, which occur frequently in the seasons, may occur more frequently during pregnancy. Since the immune system is more sensitive in pregnant women, diseases such as colds, flu pharyngitis are more common and the healing process is prolonged. In these cases, especially during the first three months of bed rest, abundant fluid consumption and vitamins are not recommended to use other than medication. However, if a bacterial infection is involved, antibiotics may have to be used. It will be beneficial to have the flu vaccine for protection.
In spite of all precautions, if the expectant mother is infected; Hand face cleaning should be done regularly, the room should be constantly ventilated. Sufficient fresh vegetables and fruits should be tried to consume this, but if this can not be taken vitamins, minerals such as zinc, magnesium. Enough fish should be consumed. In air-conditioned and air-conditioned environments, the body should not be exposed to sudden heat changes. If the environment and air are available, the immune system will benefit from the sun's heat and rays appropriately.
will have a positive effect on It is useful and safe to clean the inside of the nose with saline or a little more saline (sea water).
A common condition in pregnancy is nosebleeds. This may panic the expectant mothers who need to remain calm and peaceful. However, an important part of this is due to increased fracture of the capillaries due to hormonal activity and easier cracking with minor traumas such as blowing. Moisturizing sprays will be useful. In recurrent cases, the presence of an underlying cause should be investigated and treated. A capillary that has difficulty in repairing itself and often bleeding can be chemically disintegrated. Occasionally, these investigations can be used to detect annoying bleeding problems that may occur during labor.
Vomiting in the third month of pregnancy and reflux in the following months; may cause hoarseness, stiffness and coughing. If these complaints are long term, other possible causes should be ruled out by modern diagnostic methods.
Pregnancy is often again; can cause salivary gland diseases, various head and neck infections, handled lumps and glands. In such cases, it would be more accurate and less stressful to be informed and treated in consultation with the specialist rather than causing internet information that emphasizes the worst scenarios to panic.
My ears often itch, clog, and can even cause pain and discharge. What can I do before or during pregnancy for this non-cured problem?
Ear itching and blockages; Dirt, eczema, fungal and chronic middle ear infection may be caused. You should never insert the ear cleaning sticks into the ear canal. Dirt is removed by your doctor by appropriate methods. Appropriate treatment is planned if there is eczema and fungal. Antibiotics may be needed in advanced cases. It is important to select an appropriate treatment at this stage. It is necessary to protect the ears from water in allergic and eczematous people.
Since I have allergic rhinitis, I sneeze a lot in the spring and in dusty environments. Does it hurt my baby?
Allergies are genetically inherited and an increasing discomfort in appropriate environments. Unfortunately, allergy pills are not one of the drugs that we can easily use during pregnancy. In the later months of pregnancy, saline and some cortisone sprays can be used in the recommended doses. The main benefit is obtained by trying to avoid allergens and stress. Normal sneezes are no problem. But in very rare cases severe
It is known that stiff coughs facilitate the possibility of miscarriage in the first weeks of gestation or may initiate delivery in the last weeks.
Chronic sinusitis is present and often recurs. My pain doesn't go away without medication. What should I do if I have sinusitis again while pregnant?
In fact, deviation, polyp, concha hypertrophy that triggers your sinusitis before pregnancy, structural stenosis of the sinus canals and so on. such as surgery or appropriate treatments to eliminate the right choice. But if you have exceeded this stage, some treatments can be done, especially after the first 3 months. The only painkillers you can safely use during pregnancy and breastfeeding are those with paracetamol for headaches.
When I catch an infectious disease such as a cold or flu when I'm pregnant, will it pass on to my baby and make it sick?
Such diseases do not pass to your baby because they pass through the respiratory tract. However, your baby will be affected indirectly if you are going to have a very severe. It is enough to make bed rest and support it with proper liquid and food to keep your body heat and energy at the proper level.
I'm very uncomfortable with the nasal congestion, I can't sleep at all. Can I have nose surgery while pregnant? Also if I have a full prenatal flu and need a cesarean section?
Surgery during pregnancy should only be performed when vital conditions are involved and unnecessary risks should not be taken. You can also have a caesarean section when you are an acute patient in the upper respiratory tract. The baby will be exposed to anesthesia for a very short time. The most important problem here is that when you cough after surgery, you will feel pain in your sutures and you can infect the baby with respiratory tract infection. The risk of infection progressing to lower respiratory tract infection is low.
If I breastfeed when I am sick, will it infect my baby? Can I use medicine while breastfeeding? Do I have to stay separate from my baby?
Unless otherwise stated by your doctor, of course you can breastfeed. You can use surgical masks for yourself, but this is still not the definitive solution to preventing infection. Nevertheless, do not stay separate from your baby and breastfeed unless otherwise told. Your protective antibodies will support your baby's immune system. Your doctor will not recommend any medications that may be inconvenient for the baby going to milk. In case your baby has a cold, the best medicine is to drip a little physiological saline into the nose along with maternal compassion and milk.
I learned that I am pregnant, I have concerns about influenza and influenza vaccines. Would the vaccine mind me or my baby?
There has been much speculation about influenza vaccines in recent years. There are cases where the vaccine is not one hundred percent protective, and rarely causes some side effects in some susceptible people and is exaggerated. In my opinion, completely healthy adults who take good care of themselves do not have to have the flu vaccine. This strong influenza also applies to strains H1N1 and H3N2. However, as the most authoritative authority, the American FDA recommends, children and the elderly, heart, lungs, asthma, diabetes, such as those with chronic attrition diseases and pregnant women should benefit from the flu vaccine. Pregnant women in a flu pandemic because at least 2-3 times more likely to be infected. If you do not feel strong and healthy enough, you should get a vaccination or make a decision with your doctor. Staying away from foods that contain intense sugar, smoking cessation and regular exercise allows us to have a stronger body against influenza viruses. What really makes us sick is our weakened body rather than the flu virus itself. For this reason, we need to take good care of ourselves, which is more important in pregnant women.