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1. Adolescencethey get rid of all the milk teeth and have their teeth. Growth and redness of the gums may occur due to hormones during this period, although not very often. A disease called 'juvenile periodontitis' in the gums also occurs during this period. This disease is a very serious gum disease, if left untreated can cause bleeding in the gums and, most importantly, melting of the jaw bone.
2. During pregnancy Bleeding, swelling and redness of the gums are frequently encountered due to changes in hormonal levels. In this period, gingival disorder called 'pregnancy gingivitis' may occur. A particularly planned pregnancy should be performed to prevent such gum disorders. Because dental care should be performed before pregnancy and when the pregnancy occurs, the dentist should be checked between the third and sixth months. In addition, all oral x-rays should be taken before pregnancy and teeth and gums should be checked. It should be noted that such X-rays cannot be taken during pregnancy.
From the 3rd month of pregnancy the baby's teeth begin to form. Calcium, phosphorus and other minerals necessary for the formation and development of the baby's teeth during this period are taken from the mother's bloodstream. Therefore, the mother's diet is very important for both the general health of the baby and the health of the baby. The mother helps the baby develop teeth by balancing the necessary calcium, phosphorus and vitamins. For healthy teeth and bones, a pregnant woman must necessarily milk and dairy products, meat, fish and chicken; fresh fruit and vegetables should be careful to feed.
3. During menopause more gingival recession is seen. In this period, medium-hard or soft toothbrushes should be used as much as possible and the loss of substances in the teeth should be reduced with fluoride mouthwash. Because of the stress and tension during this period, there may be nighttime squeezing, so the so-called night-guard plates can be applied to protect the teeth.
4. When using birth control medicine, gum health, which constitutes the most important part of our oral and dental health, is also of great importance for our general health. Even the healthiest teeth with no caries can be lost over time because of gum diseases that can progress insidiously and do not give signs easily. Gum health may be affected by many factors such as genetics, poor oral hygiene, smoking, hormonal changes and drug use. Especially during periods of intense hormonal changes in women such as pregnancy, menopause, puberty and menstruation, gums become sensitive and susceptible to gum diseases. Significant changes in oral and dental health also occur during periods of contraception. The most common distress caused by birth control drugs that cause an increase in progesterone hormone is redness and swelling of the gums. During these periods, maximum attention should be paid to oral hygiene. Women who apply to the dentist with bleeding and tenderness especially during brushing of the gums should inform the dentist if they are taking birth control medication. The dentist may advise on oral and dental health care to alleviate the side effects of such medications and recommend the use of mouthwashes if necessary.