Psychology

Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) - 1

Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) - 1



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First in 1902, Dr. ADHD, described by George F. Still as a disorder in the Royal College of Physicians of London, was considered a “naughty” problem caused by the soft attitude of the families in those years and families were advised to treat their children more harshly. Today, however, experts say that treating children with ADHD will make the situation even more serious. Although many arguments have been made regarding ADHD over time, today's experts agree on many issues.

ADHD is mainly associated with three main behaviors: attention deficit, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. These behaviors can be seen together as well as separately. If we look briefly at these behaviors;

Lack of attention:
The person with attention deficit has difficulty concentrating his attention on something; he is bored, messy and forgetful when doing a job. Attention duration and intensity of the person is lower than the age. But they can easily concentrate on something that they like. For example, a child who cannot concentrate while listening to a lesson can play a computer game he likes for hours without getting bored. In fact, everyone has the difficulty to concentrate and engage in a tedious job. However, people with sufficiently advanced behavior control can avoid this desire, while those with ADHD problems cannot.

Hyperactivity:
Those with hyperactivity problems seem to be moving all the time. Their mobility is not suitable for their age and developmental level. They cannot sit in their places for a long time, and they constantly wander around the room or class they are in. When they have to sit down, they move their hands, feet, want to touch everything around them, make noises and make noise. They usually talk a lot and jump from topic to topic. Hyperactive young people or adults, always feel uncomfortable, they sit where they move, curiosity and want to try everything once, but usually do not go to another thing.

Impulsiveness:
Impulsivity is one of the problems in controlling one's movements. This can be called moving without thinking. One cannot prevent his immediate reactions or find it difficult to determine whether it is appropriate before doing something. He can't wait for something he wants to happen or it's his turn in the game, he can grab it to get the toys of the other children, he talks a lot, he interrupts others, and he's too hasty on everything.
These behaviors are sometimes seen in many of us; especially in children. In this case, it is not fair to say that every careless, impetuous or overly active person has a condition. Experts use a number of criteria to diagnose ADHD. The most commonly used criteria for this are the criteria published by the American Psychiatric Association. These criteria also differ according to these three groups.

Attention Deficit Criteria
1. Difficulty paying attention to a particular job
2. Distractions easily
3. Making minor mistakes due to inattention
4. Abandoned work
5. Don't look like you're not listening to him
6. Difficulty in organizing tasks and activities
7. Avoiding tasks that require intellectual effort such as homework and exams
8. Losing Goods
9. Forgetfulness in daily activities
Hyperactivity criteria
1. Freeze in the seat, moving hands and feet
2. Inability to sit in a place for a certain time
3. Running right and left, climbing
4. Inability to play games or otherwise
5. Continuous movement
6. Multi-talk

Impulsivity Criteria
1. Answer before the question is completed
2. Difficulty waiting for order
3. Interrupting others or interfering in the game

In order for a specialist to think that a person has a lack of attention, at least six of these symptoms are again at least six months and must be seen in more than one environment. In addition, these symptoms should show itself before the age of 7. Similarly, hyperactivity and impulsivity are the symptoms of at least six of them, occurring before the age of 7, six months and more than one environment is thought to be a problem of hyperactivity.


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