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Children tell themselves with “play”

Children tell themselves with “play”


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The game is the most important part of children's life. They rehearse life through play, reflecting their emotion worlds, discharging their energy physically and emotionally, developing their creativity. The answers to all the questions you are curious about the game that has such an important place in children's life Psychologist Özden Dandul from Yeditepe University Hospital Giving.

: What is a game? What is the place and importance of play in the child's life?
Psychologist Özden Dandul: The game has a very important place in the child's life. The game is not just a leisure activity for the child. The child does not play the game just to keep him entertained and happy. By playing games, the child rehearses life and experiences different roles in the games he established. In addition, the game itself is a means of explaining the child. The child reflects the world of emotion in his plays. Therefore, for mental health professionals working with children, children's games are important indicators of their inner world.

: What are the benefits of the game?
Psychologist Özden Dandul: Play has important contributions in terms of emotional, mental, physical and social development of the child. The child can only grow healthy by playing games. The game has many educational and educational benefits. Children learn to take risks in play, which improves the child's courage, confidence and imagination. The game has a great contribution to the socialization as the child's games begin to involve other children in the children's games in the beginning while only parents accompany them. The game is a therapy for the child both physically and emotionally. By running and playing, the child relieves his emotional tension through games in which he establishes his physical energy.

: What is the development of play in children according to age?
Psychologist Özden Dandul: Babies They discover the world by using their bodies as vehicles. They practice to participate in something with games, to be part of it, to control relationships first. They discover different shapes, sounds, textures and tastes with their games. They learn different parts of their bodies. Babies also learn to receive pleasant, pleasurable answers from both objects and people.

Early childhood children tend to engage in physical activities. They tend to explore the relationship between objects and how to control them. To learn the permanence of an object, they turn to games like hide and seek. As they start to perceive themselves as part of the group, they begin to develop the necessary language and social skills. Using the symbols, they begin to play games in which they take on different roles.

Preschool children they also develop friendship relationships and the ability to play with other children. They use their language skills in order to accompany behavior and thoughts. They bring the objects together and then play the games they separate, so they turn to toys where they experience the relationship between objects in a more complex way. They practice objects and how they can enjoy people. They develop their motor skills in much more complex dimensions. They predict the next and make an appropriate plan.

: How should the child's play environment be?
Psychologist Özden Dandul: The child's play environment must, of course, be safe first of all and ensure that there is nothing that could harm the child and that the child is not at risk of falling off. Since the child's games are always directed towards an exploration, the child should not experience as much inhibition as possible and should act as freely as possible. Since too many stimuli in the environment may affect the child's concentration, the play environment does not need to be equipped with special stimuli.

: What should be considered when choosing toys?
Psychologist Özden Dandul: You must make sure that the toy is appropriate for the child's age. Difficult games or toys that are not appropriate for the child's age may discourage the child. It is necessary to keep the child away from the toys that direct him to violence as much as possible. But in the meantime, when choosing toys for your child, you need to consider your child's tastes, not your own. There is no need to turn to very expensive toys. The child needs toys that he can discover new things and practice different things with pleasure.

: Is it right to make a gender discrimination when choosing toys?
Psychologist Özden Dandul: When they are very young, children start behaving in a way that shows gender differences. This is clear enough to never be missed by a parent. If we think that children are rehearsing life with games, toys that are suitable for their gender help them to reinforce their behavior according to their sexual identity. However, if the child chooses toys, then if the child is a boy, then girls should play with it. Because children also need to learn the opposite sex. This is a good opportunity for them to develop their empathy skills.

: What is the contribution of educational games and toys to the mental development of the child?
Psychologist Özden Dandul: It certainly has a contribution. However, in order for the toy to be useful, the child needs to enjoy playing and needs to be accompanied by an adult from time to time to assist him from time to time so that educational games and toys can really be useful to the child.

: When does the game start with friends?
Psychologist Özden Dandul: Children avoid playing with their peers until they are 4-5 years old. They choose the older children for the game. As older children will be more controlled than their peers, they may be more confident than being with their peers.

: Why fictitious playmates?
Psychologist Özden Dandul: Imaginary playmates are something that every child experiences at certain rates. The main reason for this is that children are largely unable to distinguish between reality and fantasy. If the child does not have a playmate, it can produce imaginary friends, and if this is the case, parents should contribute to the socialization of their children. When an imaginary friend turns into a bad friend, it is useful to go to a specialist in cases of fights.

: How should parents support their children in game development?
Psychologist Özden Dandul: The important thing that parents should pay attention to is that even if they play the game themselves, they must allow the child to direct and even encourage the child to direct the game. Another important point is the pleasure of parents. The child feels very clear whether parents enjoy playing games.

: How do games contribute to learning?
Psychologist Özden Dandul: The ability to concentrate and learn is very important to learn. It also requires learning to take risks and be patient. The most correct way of learning is trial and error, although the situation is different for our education system. This is where children learn and develop all these skills through play.

: How can we improve the child's creativity through play?
Psychologist Özden Dandul: Your child does not need expensive toys for this. Everything around you in nature is the innovation your child discovers. The child already has an eternal learning enthusiasm and curiosity. One of the most important things that parents can do is not stop it. Another thing is that they encourage their children to ask questions and to investigate. Instead of closing the alternatives, suggestions and comments coming from their children by saying nonsense, the creative original sides of the child should be reinforced.


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