What is Folic Acid?Folic acid is a type of vitamin B (B9). Synthetic folic acid in medicines is called besin folate form. Folic acid, which is used as a drug, has a greater benefit to the body than food. In special cases, such as pregnancy, drug support is required. Except for such cases, it is not necessary to provide external vitamins and minerals to individuals who consume all basic nutrients on a regular basis.What is the importance of folic acid?Folic acid protects from heart disease, colon, rectum, brain, pancreas and breast cancer; It provides normal brain functions in Alzheimer's and forgetfulness; It is known that babies of mothers fed with adequate folate do not have birth related disorders. Mothers with folic acid deficiency may have a higher risk of miscarriage; In addition, the mother can have anemia. The most severe congenital disorders called “neural tube defects genellikle are usually seen in folic acid deficiency. For example, abnormalities such as inadequate closure of the spinal cord or spine, severe underdevelopment of the brain, and brain tissue protruding from any abnormal opening in the skull may be observed. Babies born in this way are either lost or sentenced to life in a wheelchair. That is why folic acid should be started before getting pregnant. For adequate folic acid intake, it is advisable to start taking the drug one month before becoming pregnant.What foods are rich in folic acid?Folic acid is found in dark green leafy vegetables (spinach, arugula etc.), liver, dried legumes, orange juice, avocado, broccoli and whole wheat grain.How much folic acid should be taken per day?A bowl of dried legumes a day and a bowl of raw spinach to be added to salads can meet the daily needs of folic acid both men and women. The amount that adult males should take is 400 micrograms per day. For women, we recommend taking 600 micrograms of folic acid daily during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Considering that even unplanned pregnancies may occur, women of childbearing age are advised 600 micrograms of folic acid per day. Because long-term pre-natal folic acid-rich foods should be taken as a precaution. Since the closure of the neural tube is completed in the fourth week of pregnancy, it is important to consider that folic acid supplementation will be useless after this period.