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Childhood obesity; It is a condition that occurs with the increase of the amount of fat cells in the body and the filling of them, causing both physical and psychological problems. Prevention is very important in childhood obesity because developing generations and the foundation of a child's healthy life are laid at this age. According to the researchers, 10% of children between 2 and 5 years of age and 20% of children between 6 and 11 years of age seem obese. The number of obese children worldwide is expected to reach 750 million in 2015. Scientists point out that the 4-11 age range is the most important and important period for obesity to be seen in the following years.
The majority of the families are careful about this, but some do not accept that their children are obese, they think that they are only appetite and lighter. However, families have a large share in the process of obesity treatment. Continuous monitoring and evaluation are of great importance in childhood obesity. It is very important to get a detailed story of children because children in school life cannot, without realizing it, be able to say no to their friends' food sharing or even be aware of what they eat. However, due to obesity due to excess calorie intake, psychiatric problems have decreased to the age of 12 years.
Snack or Snacks?
According to the results of a study; In the 5-6 age group, obesity was observed in 2% of those who consumed 5 or more meals, which was higher in those who consumed less. It shows that controlled meal consumption, supplemented with snacks, is one of the basis for the prevention of childhood obesity.
According to the calorie comparisons of children at home and abroad;
While they get 420 calories at home, they take 720 calories out of the food they eat outside, the difference of 300 calories means an extra 2100 calories per week. According to another study, when children do most snacks; weekday morning, afternoon and after school, and weekend afternoon. As a snack; chips, chocolate, biscuits, cakes and high-calorie drinks are preferred. If the snacks are high, the fat around the waist increases. In general, the consumption of vegetables and fruits in children is low, but high-calorie food and beverage consumption and fast food consumption is quite high.
Weight increases with time spent in front of TV and computer
In general, when looking at advertisements, people who consume high-calorie, ready-to-eat foods have a normal or poor body weight, creating an illusion that these foods are healthy for both children and families. Being in front of the TV for more than three hours increases the risk of weight gain by 45%. Still life leads to undisputed weight gain.
Prepare healthy breaks and main meals for your children, do not force them to finish the whole meal in one sitting. In particular, families force their children to finish all of their dishes, which in turn leads to excessive food in children.
High calories, high fat intake and sugary snacks should not be prohibited but should be limited.
Children like to go into the kitchen and help. You can ask your children for help in preparing breaks and main meals.
Encourage them to try new foods. Let your children eat from the least favorite food.
Avoid rewarding or punishing your children with food.